A Pescetarian diet is a healthy diet that excludes animals and birds, but includes fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, grains, fish and crustaceans. This diet also may include dairy and eggs. It is a healthy diet similar to Vegetarianism. The Pescetarian diet is almost same as the Mediterranean diet that includes fish and seafood, vegetables, fruits and grains.
Health benefits of Pescetarian diet
1. Due to its richness in fruit, vegetables, nuts and fish, the Pescetarian diet gives us several important micronutrients and macronutrients which is required by our bodies to function optimally and properly.
2. Also the diet lowers the bad cholesterol. This is because the diet does not include foods rich in high fats such as red meat.
3. A Pescetarian diet helps to raise HDL or good cholesterol levels and this reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
4. It helps with mental wellness. The diet is generally rich in omega-3 fatty acids which help to improve the cognitive thinking and reduce mental depression, as well as mental weakening with age.
5. This diet is very beneficial to control the weight in many ways. The foods included in this diet helps to stabilize blood sugar and the fibers increase the fullness. Thus, a Pescetarian diet helps in the reduction of diabetes, obesity and hypertension.
6. The diet offers essential health benefits for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers because of their richness in Omega-3 fatty acids. A diet comprising of fish and Omega-3 fatty acids helps to supply DHA which in turn, assists in the development of the brain in infants.
7. The diet also keeps the blood pressure healthy. Since the diet never includes foods rich in sodium and saturated fats, it helps to reduce the risk for hypertension. The intake of fish in the Pescetarian diet has also been associated to a reduced risk of stroke and mental deterioration with age.
8. Also the Pescetarian diet reduces the risk of cancer. This diet includes foods that are rich in fiber. High fiber diets decrease the risk to colon cancer and other types of cancer also.
9. Lastly, a Pescetarian diet will reduce Metabolic syndrome and Type 2 diabetes risk. The diet helps not to increase blood sugar levels dramatically, due to its abundance in low glycemic foods like vegetables, beans, nuts and fish. This, in turn, reduces the risk for insulin sensitivity (metabolic syndrome) and type 2 diabetes.
Drawbacks of the Pescetarian diet
Although the Pescetarian diet is a very healthy way of eating, like any other diet it has several drawbacks. Due to its content of a massive amount of seafood, the Pescetarian diet sometimes includes a higher risk of exposure to several poisonous chemicals including lead, mercury and polychlorinated biphenyls. This can result in an elevated risk of developing several types of health conditions like cancer.